This tool replaced the manual carpenter’s plane, work with which required a lot of skill and physical endurance. Powerful electric motor increased the speed of wood processing, increased quality and facilitated the work of the master.
Those who have not yet acquired such a tool, want to learn more about its capabilities and features of choice. In this article we will give maximum useful information about electric planes.
Having studied it, you will get a good idea about this type of power tool and will not be mistaken when buying it.
Electric plane. Purpose and types of device
The main working operation of any electric gun is the leveling of the wood surface. The degree of its roughness can be any, beginning from a rough crust and finishing easy “woolness”. In any case, this powerful tool will do its job well.
In addition to planing, an electric plane can be used to make a facet and a quarter, to make grooves and shaped grooves in the wood. Such an extension of functionality is highly appreciated by those who are professionally engaged in carpentry.
In addition to hand tools on sale, you can find stationary structures, often referred to as jointing machines. They are convenient to handle long and wide material.
The advantages of a fixed installation and mobile tool designers were combined in one device. It consists of a hand plane and a bed, to which it can be attached if necessary.
It should be noted that in terms of safety, a hand tool is preferable to a stationary one. During operation, the blades are at the bottom and are not capable of causing serious injury.
In the stationary version, the shaft with knives is located on top. Therefore, any careless movement during the processing of the workpiece can lead to injury. A sliding protective curtain reduces the risk of injury, but does not eliminate it completely.
Design and specifications
Before discussing the issue of choice, you need to get an idea of its design and technical parameters.
The main components of this tool are a body, an electric motor, a shaft with knife cutters, a base plate (sole), a back and a front handle, a planing depth adjuster, a trigger and a lock button for switching on and off. On the body there is a branch pipe for the removal of chips into the bag.
Transmission of rotation from the electric motor to the shaft is performed with a toothed belt.
Knife cutters are attached to the shaft using clamping plates and bolts. This allows you to shoot them for sharpening or replacement.
The support plate consists of a movable front and fixed rear parts. To change the depth of processing with the adjusting handle, the tool’s sole is raised or lowered.
The main technical parameters of the electric plane are engine power, indicated in Watts (W) and shaft rotation speed, rpm (rpm). For high-quality wood processing, you need to choose a tool with a power of at least 600 W and a shaft speed of at least 10,000 rpm.