Top Grafting An Old Apple Tree
Let’s see an old variety of apple tree called ‘Bess Pool’ that originated in Nottinghamshire in the 1700s. It’s a healthy seven-year-old tree, but produces very little fruit because it blossoms late in the season when all the other trees have finished flowering. In order to get fruit, I need another variety that flowers at the same time to act as a pollinator. If you haven’t room for more trees so you can top graft different varieties on to the existing tree to create a family tree. The process of top grafting is fairly easy and is done in spring just as the trees are starting to show signs of growth.
The spectrum of manures used around the world ranges from bat guano to human waste. Some are ‘hot’ manures rich in nitrogen from urea such as chicken or goose. Those require a little care when applied to avoid ‘scorching’ tender roots. Others are ‘cooler’, such as cow, sheep and horse, especially as these are generally mixed with bedding material which is best composted first. Dog and cat manures may feed disease so should be got away. Manures are not a homogenous product.