We continue our theme about building garden
Stage 4: Fix Posts To Boards
Use a 5,5mm drill bit to drill two clearance holes in each post. These go 20mm and 110mm from the top of each post. The posts will be fitted to the hack of the boards. Place them 20mm in from the sides and 20mm down from the top edge of the board. Use a screw or nail, to mark through the clearance holes on to the back of the boards. Pilot holes can then be drilled at these points using the 4mm drill bit. Screw the posts to the boards through the drilled holes.
Stage 5: Clear For The Top Step
Start to dig out for the top step and work your way down. Peel back edges and save any green sods, then dig as deep as you need to in order to hit something solid below. On my site this involved using a mattock to chop through some tree roots, but I tried not to damage too many or harm the trees. I soon hit a rock layer to give a solid foundation without digging too far. Keep an eye on your markers and keep the dug section as level and straight as you can. Use the crowbar to make holes in the ground where the posts will go, then position the top board.
Stage 6: Knock In Posts
Use a scrap block of wood to protect the top of the post when knocking it down into the ground. It may take a bit of walloping, but try to keep the posts as upright and straight as possible.
Stage 7: Optional Bottom Step
You may simply step off on to grass, or a trail, at the bottom step, or you may want to make a step that is flush with the ground or it is possible to pick the latter and to make a simple wooden framework to comprise the bottom step at ground level.
Stage 8: More Steps
Keep digging and fitting planks as you advance down the flight of steps. You can choose whether to aim for a level that’s flush with the ground to both sides, or that’s lifted above it.
Stage 9: Filling In
You can now fill in the steps. Use slightly larger stones, or hardcore, underneath (you can throw in any small stones that you found while digging). The top should be a finer material such as stone chippings. This will filter down between any gaps in the lower layer, as well as spreading out to give a neat covering.
Stage 10: Massaging The Edges
To make the steps look as if they were always there, it’s important to work on the edges and to restore any damage. Grass sods can be used to fill the bare ground and soil can be pressed into the correct shape so there are no crumbly edges. Moss can be restored beneath trees. Take a pat on the back for completing a lovely and useful project.
A Quick and Simple Option
You are able to use the same technology to make some fast steps: use cut-down fence columns and planks; dig to level each step, you do not need to go very deep: fill with cortex mulch. This is a speedy way to make awkward areas accessible.